What is Narrative Therapy, Exercises and It’s Techniques

What is Narrative Therapy, Exercises and It's Techniques

Story treatment is a style of treatment that enables individuals to progress toward becoming and grasp being a specialist in their own lives. In account treatment, there is an accentuation on the tales we create and help with us through our lives. As we experience occasions and communications, we offer significance to those encounters and they, thus, impact how we see ourselves and our reality. We can convey various stories immediately, for example, those identified with our confidence, our capacities, our connections, and our work, for instance.


This methodology of treatment was created by Michael White and David Epston, two New Zealand-based advisors, who trusted it was imperative to consider individuals to be independent from their issues. Created during the 1980s, account treatment is an engaging way to deal with directing that is non-accusing and non-obsessive in nature.

White and Epston felt it was fundamentally significant for individuals to not mark themselves or to consider themselves to be “broken” or “the issue,” or for them to feel frail in their conditions and standards of conduct.

Account treatment was created in light of three fundamental segments. The accompanying make the establishment for the connection between an account advisor and their customer:

Regard: People taking an interest in story treatment are treated with deference and bolstered for the grit it takes to approach and work through close to home difficulties.

Non-Blaming: There is no accuse put for the customer as they work through their accounts and they are additionally urged to not place fault on others. Concentrate is rather put on perceiving and changing undesirable and unhelpful considerations and practices.

Customer as Expert: Narrative advisors are not seen as an exhortation giving specialist at the same time, rather, a collective accomplice in helping customers develop and mend. Customers realize themselves well and investigating this data will consider an adjustment in their musings and practices.

Key Concepts

The focal point of story treatment is around stories that we create inside ourselves and bring through our lives. We offer significance to our own encounters and these implications that we think of, or that have been set on us by others, impact how we see ourselves and our general surroundings. Our accounts impact our contemplations and, thus, our basic leadership and practices.

Account treatment depends on the accompanying standards:

  • The truth is socially developed. The manner in which we associate with others impacts how we experience reality. These encounters with others become our known reality.
  • The truth is affected by (and conveyed through) language. Individuals decipher encounters through language and individuals can have various understandings of a similar occasion or collaboration.
  • Having an account can enable us to keep up and sort out our world. The advancement of an account or story can assist us with making feeling of our encounters.
  • There is no “goal reality.” People can have various substances of a similar encounter. What may be valid for us may not be valid for another person.
  • Account treatment proposes that we make stories for the duration of our lives as an approach to understand our encounters and we can convey numerous accounts with us at one time. Albeit a few stories can be sure and others negative, all accounts sway our lives previously, the present, and later on.

As depicted in story treatment, stories include the accompanying four components cooperating:

  • Occasions
  • Connected in a grouping
  • Crosswise over time
  • As per a plot

There can be numerous variables that add to our improvement of stories. These components impact how we translate occasions or collaborations, just as the implications we append to them. A portion of the elements include:

  • Age
  • Financial status
  • Race
  • Ethnicity
  • Sex
  • Sexual personality

As we consider these elements, we likely hold convictions about them and what they intend to us or how they sway us on the planet. Our convictions around these things shape how we may see ourselves and what we enlighten ourselves concerning an encounter or cooperation.

We convey numerous accounts with us without a moment’s delay, for example, tales about our connections, our expert lives, our shortcomings, our qualities, our objectives and that’s just the beginning. Account treatment stresses the investigation of these accounts, as they can affect our basic leadership and conduct.

Our Dominant Story

In spite of the fact that we can convey a few stories simultaneously, there is commonly a story that is more predominant than the others. At the point when our prevailing story impedes us carrying on with our best life or appears to disrupt our endeavors at development and change, it winds up dangerous. Commonly, when individuals come into directing they are looked with a risky prevailing story that is causing them enthusiastic agony.

A story specialist works with customers to investigate the narratives that they convey about themselves, their lives and their connections. At the point when an overwhelming story is risky, it will surface in our connections with others, in our basic leadership and in our personal conduct standards.

Dainty Descriptions

A dangerous overwhelming story that we convey may have begun with a judgment that was put on us by others, especially the individuals who may have been in a place of power or impact over us, similar to a parent or guardian.

For instance if, when we were youthful, we carried on in a manner that brought about a parent calling us “apathetic,” we may start considering ourselves sluggish and meshing that name into our story as we move into different encounters. The quality of being sluggish at that point keeps on developing and become some portion of a prevailing story for us, impacting how we see ourselves and how we carry on or cooperate with others later on.

These particular decisions are alluded to as slim depictions in story treatment. As this keeps on being brought through our lives, it can progress toward becoming what is known as a slender end. Generally, utilizing the expression “flimsy” to portray these particular portrayals and ends implies that there is little thought for outside conditions that may impact our basic leadership and conduct. When something like this grabs hold, it tends to be anything but difficult to envision how it can develop after some time and become an issue for us.

Mistaking Ourselves For Our Problems

In the event that we have been passed judgment on a specific route by our family growing up, alluding back to the case of being languid, it tends to be hard for us to shake that off or understand that name out of our story. In addition to the fact that we end up regularly conveying this with us after some time, yet occasions that leave us to feel or be viewed as apathetic keep on supporting the prevailing story that we are a lethargic individual.

This story winds up tricky, impeding us having the option to settle on solid choices that all the more precisely speak to our identity and what we esteem. We think that its increasingly more hard to isolate ourselves from our concern. Truth be told, we come to imagine that we are the issue.

Tragically, slender portrayals will in general be centered around our shortcomings or zones that we may accept we don’t have the goods. When we attempt to settle on choices that challenge our prevailing story, it might be disregarded by others, and even ourselves, since it is viewed as the special case as opposed to the standard. Our “not apathetic” practices may be limited or neglected in light of the fact that it doesn’t coordinate with our prevailing story.

At the end of the day, we may even not give ourselves kudos for using sound judgment or carrying on in a positive manner since it doesn’t coordinate with the story we inform ourselves concerning our identity and what we’re prepared to do.

How Narrative Therapy Helps

Story treatment centers around these accounts, especially the predominant stories that are hazardous and appear to hinder us living our best lives. A prepared account specialist works with individuals to investigate these accounts and to search out data that encourages us to challenge these hazardous stories.

Through account treatment, we can start to recognize elective stories that offer us a chance to challenge judgment and investigate what other data we are conveying inside us. Investigating along these lines causes us to extend our perspective on self, challenge old and undesirable convictions and to open our brains to better approaches for living that mirror an increasingly precise and solid story.

Inside account treatment, there is a solid accentuation on isolating the individual from their concern. By doing this, the individual starts to comprehend that they are equipped for something new. Old, unhelpful implications that have been woven into our accounts after some time can be tested.

As individuals enlarge their perspective on self and investigate extra data, there can be room made for sound changes in our musings, emotions, and practices. At the point when there is space made among us and our concern, we can all the more likely analyze and pick what is serving us well and what isn’t. Story treatment does not plan to change an individual but rather to enable them to turn into a specialist in their very own life.

Story Therapy Exercises

There are an assortment of strategies and activities utilized in account treatment to help individuals recuperate and move past a hazardous story. Probably the most regularly utilized strategies include:

Assembling Our Narrative

One of the essential things that a story advisor would enable their customer to do is to start assembling their account. In doing this, we can discover our voice and investigate occasions in our lives and the implications we have put on these encounters—and, thusly, on ourselves—after some time.

A few people may not know about a specific story that has finished them their life, however realize that something shields them from carrying on with a decent life or using sound judgment for themselves. As their story is assembled, the individual turns into a spectator to their story and takes a gander at it with the advisor, attempting to recognize the overwhelming and tricky story.


While we are utilizing our voice to assemble our story, we are getting to be eyewitnesses of ourselves. We utilize this activity to make separation among us and our issues, which is called externalization.

When we have this separation among ourselves and our concern, we can more readily concentrate on changing undesirable practices instead of inclination we, ourselves, are the issue. As we practice externalization, we get an opportunity to see that we are fit for change and start feeling enabled to progress in the direction of mending.


Deconstruction is utilized to help individuals gain clearness in their story. There are times when our predominant story can feel huge and overpowering as though we can never get out from under it.

At the point when a risky story in our life feels like it has been around for quite a while, we may utilize summed up proclamations and become befuddled in our own accounts. An account advisor would work with us to separate our story into littler parts, to enable us to explain our concern and help it become progressively congenial.

One of a kind Outcomes

At the point when our story feels concrete, as though it would never show signs of change, any thought of elective stories departs for good. We can turn out to be exceptionally stuck in our story and enable it to impact a few parts of our lives, affecting our basic leadership, our practices, our encounters, and our connections.

An account specialist attempts to push us to move our issues as well as to broaden our view by thinking about elective stories. They may assist us with exploring data we have been conveying with us for quite a while however have never permitted to have any worth. This data can enable us to build up another, solid story of our identity, what we need, and who we need to turn into.

Finding a Narrative Therapist

Story treatment is a one of a kind, specific way to deal with directing. There are preparing open doors for advisors to become familiar with account treatment and how to utilize this methodology with customers.

Prepared story advisors are situated all through the world and can be found through online assets, for example, The Dulwich Center, created by White and Epston, the organizers of account treatment.

To discover a specialist prepared in account treatment near and dear, you can likewise look through destinations, for example, Psychology Today, which enables you to look through advisors in your general vicinity, notwithstanding narrowing your pursuit by the style of directing they use. This would enable you to explicitly discover prepared story advisors in your general vicinity.

Set aside some effort to examine choices and, in the event that you have inquiries for an advisor about story treatment and how they utilize this with customers, don’t be reluctant to inquire. Numerous advisors welcome the chance to impart to individuals their particular style of directing and how it can help.