What is Epicurean Philosophy & Epicurean Sources of Happiness
There have been numerous bits of knowledge increased through history, by the two thinkers and analysts alike, with respect to the thought of satisfaction. One of the incredible personalities to concentrate on the idea of joy was Epicurus, a Greek rationalist who lived between 341 BC and 270 BC.
Epicurus was in concurrence with different scholars about joy being our definitive human interest, yet he recommended something altogether different than others had proposed as far as how that may look in our basic leadership and practices.
Numerous scholars recommended that encountering delight and satisfaction implied enabling yourself to enjoy and appreciate things to abundance. Epicurus, then again, proposed that delight was found in basic living.
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The Epicurean Lifestyle
To encounter quietness, Epicurus proposed that we could look for information of how the world functions and farthest point our wants. For him, delight was to be acquired through things, for example,
- Carrying on with a prudent life
- Carrying on with a mild life
- Control regardless
- Declining in essence wants
The term calm, as in carrying on with a mild life, implies a mellow or unobtrusive style. Along these lines, despite the fact that he recommended we are spurred to look for joy, Epicurus had a very different thought of what that resembled in day by day living.
Epicurus’ point of view and instructing has been alluded to as “tranquil gratification.”
The term indulgence in reasoning alludes to the thought that joy is the most significant quest for humanity and the wellspring of all that is great. Individuals who are viewed as libertines are the individuals who make it their labor of love to encounter most extreme joy. Their basic leadership and practices are altogether roused by the longing to encounter joy.
- Epicurus’ Beliefs
- Epicurus held considerations on joy, wants, way of life, and more when it came to accomplishing satisfaction.
- There are three states Epicurus considered to comprise satisfaction.
- Components for Happiness
- Opportunity from dread (ataraxia)
- Nonappearance of substantial agony (aponia)
It is this blend of components that would, at last, enable individuals to encounter satisfaction at the most astounding level. In spite of the fact that it might appear to be difficult to accomplish or support, there are individuals who pursue luxurious convictions and look to encounter this degree of satisfaction in their lives.
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There is one factor that Epicurus proposed has the ability to devastate joy, which is uneasiness about our future. Despite the fact that he recommended this has more to do with not dreading divine beings or demise, the possibility that we would be frightful about anything in our future was viewed as an obstruction to our experience of joy, serenity, and bliss.
Joy and Pain
Epicurus distinguished two kinds of joy—moving and static—and depicted two territories of joy and agony—physical and mental.
Moving joy alludes to effectively being fulfilling a craving. A case of this could be eating sustenance when you feel hungry. In those minutes we are making a move toward our expected objective of joy.
The other sort of joy, static joy, alludes to the experience we have once our craving is met. To utilize the case of eating nourishment when we are ravenous, the static joy would be what we are feeling once we have eaten. The fulfillment of inclination full, and never again being out of luck (hungry), would be a static joy.
Epicurus proposed that static delights are the favored type of joy.
Physical joys and agonies, he proposed, had to do with the present. Mental delights and agonies had to do with the past and future.
Instances of this could incorporate positive recollections of past occasions or encounters that bring us sentiments of satisfaction or joy or, on the other hand, undesirable recollections of our past that bring us torment. When looking to the future we can feel confident or dreadful, encountering either delight or agony about what is to come.
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Epicurus recognized three sorts of wants:
Characteristic and essential wants: Examples of this could incorporate things like sustenance and sanctuary. These things are simpler to fulfill and hard or difficult to wipe out from our lives.
Regular and non-vital wants: This alludes to things like gourmet sustenances and extravagance products. They speak to things that are more diligently to fulfill and liable to wind up causing us torment because of unfulfilled wants. Epicurus proposed that it is ideal to limit, or dispose of by and large, this kind of want so as to look for quietness.
Vain and void wants: Examples incorporate things like influence, status, riches, or distinction. These are troublesome things to get or accomplish and more averse to fulfill. He contends that, in light of the fact that there is no restriction to these wants, they would never completely fulfill or bring delight. Thusly, we are not to look to satisfy these wants so as to enable ourselves to accomplish more noteworthy bliss and delight.
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Epicurus accentuated the significance of companionship. Truth be told, he recommended that fellowship was probably the best mean of acquiring delight.
Epicurus accepted that association with companions offered a feeling of security, while absence of association can prompt detachment, misery, and risk.
In spite of the fact that our cutting edge culture will in general underline the possibility of individualistic living, where acting naturally contained and not dependent on others might be seen as a quality, Epicureans accept that quality is found in association and kinship with others.
Mental fortitude was an exceptionally viewed righteousness for Epicurus too. As to kinship, he even proposed that one ought to be gutsy enough to set out his life for his companions.
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The Unhappiness Cure
Epicurus made what is alluded to as a four-section solution for misery. The expression “tetrapharmakos” signifies four-section fix or four-section cure. This term initially implied a medicinal cure or mending blend to be taken as a solution for ailment.
Supporters of Epicurus, known as epicureans, propose it is an equation for conquering terrible emotions, for example, dread, tension, or hopelessness.
- 4-Part Unhappiness Cure
- God is nothing to fear
- Demise is nothing to stress over
- It is anything but difficult to gain the beneficial things throughout everyday life
- It is anything but difficult to bear the horrible things
Epicurus does not recommend that torment is totally avoidable. In any case, he suggests that torment can be suffered and we can even endeavor to encounter bliss while in passionate or physical torment.
Epicurus expressed, “Reflect on these day and night, and the ones identified with them, both alone and with somebody such as yourself, and you will never be seriously irritated, regardless of whether conscious or imagining.”
He underlines concentrating on these announcements so as to challenge fears, reframe musings, and addition another point of view so as to keep looking for joy and serenity. Epicurus likewise expressed to do this contemplation with similarly invested individuals.
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Applications to Modern Living
Life is uncertain and we cannot, ultimately, avoid pain or vulnerability. We will encounter pain and vulnerability as part of our human experience. Living positively and seeking to maintain a sense of peace, happiness, and tranquility can still be a driving desire as we go through our life experiences.
In an effort to live more positively, we can incorporate Epicurean beliefs into our way of life and our personal decision making. Of the ideas described and outlined by Epicurus in his time, a common through is personal choice. We cannot always avoid pain and feelings of fear but, possibly, he suggests that we can choose to (or choose not to) stay in pain and fear.
This may mean that we declutter our living environment of items, rid ourselves of expectation, stop attaching happiness to things like status, wealth, or fame, and reframe our limiting beliefs.
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What some people may have referred to as tranquil and temperate living back then may be more recognized in modern times as minimalism. Minimalism suggests that by living with less, we can experience greater peace and freedom.
As Epicurus suggested, freedom from unnecessary things allows greater freedom of fear, freedom from worry, freedom from depression or regret, and freedom from expectations.
As described by minimalists Joshua Fields Milburn and Ryan Nicodemus, “Minimalism is a tool to rid yourself of life’s excess in favor of focusing on what is important—ao you can find happiness, fulfillment, and freedom.” As Epicurus proposed, an element of happiness is “ataraxia,” which means freedom from fear or worry. He suggests that to be happy we must turn away from external things.
Minimalist living offers an example of what an Epicurean lifestyle might look like in our modern times.
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When someone asks us, “What does happiness look like?” we may easily come up with an image in mind of financial resources, a certain appearance, particular items such as a car or home, vacations, time with friends or family, a specific career, etc.
As we go through life we are gaining an understanding of our world by making observations and placing meaning to what we are observing. Part of our image of happiness becomes related to items, people, and circumstances—external things that can change at any moment, bring us pain, or leave us longing for more.
To embrace an Epicurean approach to living, we would need to not only declutter our physical space but also address what happens in our minds by challenging existing beliefs about happiness, what it means to be happy, and how we seek to attain happiness through our decision making and behaviors.
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Find and Focus on Positivity
Take into consideration some of the following tips for living more positively, as written by Steve Mueller, author and founder of the motivation site Planet of Success:
- Discover positivity in negative situations
- Rid your life of sources of negativity
- Practice gratitude
- Cultivate a positive environment
- Have a positive posture
- Make use of positive affirmations
- Practice mindfulness and meditation
- Slow things down
- Confront negative thoughts
- Learn to deal with criticism
- Keep a positivity journal
There are a variety of ways to begin practicing a more optimistic, hopeful way of thinking and being. As you consider your own sources of happiness, your own values, and your given strengths to help you fulfill your desires and needs, you may find unique ways to express positivity in your life.
Keep a Balanced Perspective
As you take inventory of your personal beliefs about happiness and how these compare to Epicurean beliefs about happiness, it might be interesting to reflect on some the ideas and quotes that are often associated with Epicurus. You may have heard or read these before but they can certainly spark personal reflection on living a balanced life:
“Do not spoil what you have by desiring what you do not have; remember that what you now have was once among the things you only hoped for.”
“He who is not satisfied with a little is satisfied with nothing.”
“Of all the means to insure happiness through the whole life, by far the most important is the acquisition of friends.”
“You don’t develop courage by being happy in your relationships every day. You develop it by surviving difficult times and challenging adversity.”
“We must, therefore, pursue the things that make for happiness, seeing that when happiness is present, we have everything; but when it is absent we do everything to possess it.”
“Be moderate in order to taste the joys of life in abundance.”
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